What is Epilepsy?
When you are with a person who has epilepsy, you may suddenly see your friend or loved one drop to the floor start writhing, biting their tongue and all of their muscles contracting and going into spasms all at once. Besides being terrifying a grand mal seizure can be dangerous life threatening event. Web MD recommends calling 911.
First, we don’t have a complete scientific understanding of what causes epilepsy. There are different causes at different ages. Infants and young children can get seizures from genetic factors, anoxia, head injuries and infections. In older children and adults, there can be structural damage in the brain, infections, head injuries and visual or auditory stimuli which trigger seizures. One important finding was that seizures could expand across the connection between the right and left hemispheres of the brain. This means a seizure starting in one hemisphere spreads to involve both hemispheres. A treatment is to cut connective tissue in the middle of the brain, which permitted the right and left hemispheres to be studied separately. This step has expanded our knowledge of the role of the two hemispheres.
How is Epilepsy Treated?
Treating epilepsy includes drugs, magnetic stimulation, marijuana and acupuncture. The standard treatment for epilepsy is to use long term treatment with barbiturates and similar anti-convulsant drugs to reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures. Drugs have been evolving, and are more effective. Besides drugs, there is the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation. The best evidence is that there can be at least temporary reduction in frequency of seizures following transcranial magnetic imagery (TCMI).
Another innovative treatment is to use cbd to treat epilepsy, especially children with highly frequent and dangerous seizures. These interventions seem to be working and helping the children improve their cognitive and social development and resume near normal development.
Music has a paradoxical effect often discussed as the “Mozart Effect.” In some individuals, certain frequencies induce seizures. In others, the use of music reduces seizures. Another emerging treatment is the use of STEM cells, which help stabilize the genetic and other determinants of seizures. The use of stimulation to the Vagus nerve and brain implants provide rhythmic stimulation. This is an innovative treatments for epilepsy.
There are many promising lines of traditional and non-traditional interventions to reduce the frequency of seizures. This is a cutting edge area for the advancement of science and our understanding of human nervous system functioning.